An injury is a common cause of a sore thumb, and, in case of a hand injury, keep in mind that your thumb can be injured too.
When you feel extreme pain and swelling after having your hands injured, you can choose to see a medical doctor or make an appointment with a physical therapist as soon as possible because you might be having a broken thumb.
On the other hand, when you feel mild to moderate pain due to this injury, you can be experiencing damaged or stretched ligaments.
However, if your injury is serious, surgery and wearing a cast, along with proper physical therapy would be needed to improve the injuries.
3) Trigger Thumb
Also known as trigger finger or stenosing flexor tenosynovitis, this common cause of finger discomfort occurs at the palm side of your thumb, and you will know if you have this bone problem when you observe the following signs:
Clicking sound when bending or straightening the finger or the whole hand
Stiffness of thumb joint at the base of the finger
The appearance of a painful nodule at the base of the thumb
Some treatments and supports for this sore problem include:
Use of a hand or finger splint
Search or do a stretch therapy
Often, most patients with trigger thumbs may recover in no time without any surgery. However, if there is severe pain, a procedure called trigger thumb surgery would be needed.
4) Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
As one of the pinched nerve conditions, patients with carpal tunnel syndrome may usually feel some numbness and tingling sensation not just in the thumb but also in the index, middle, ring fingers, and/or the whole hand.
According to the American Family Physician, around 6% of adults in the United States can experience this sore thumb and usually, women are more at risk of acquiring it.
For severe cases, patients would also feel the burning sensation throughout their whole affected hand and arm.
Generally, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs because the median nerve of a patient is inflamed and aside from the burning sensation and numbness, other signs and symptoms of this sore thumb include the following:
Decreased grip strength
Sharp pain when lifting the hands and arms
Difficulty to perform fine motor movements
Take note that when you have carpal tunnel syndrome, this could be a sign of underlying conditions like the following:
Cysts tumors in the wrist
Diabetes or other metabolic disorders
Underactive thyroid gland
Overactive pituitary gland
If you have this syndrome, make an appointment with a medical doctor or seek immediate medical care as soon as possible.
A medical professional will give proper advice and can determine if you also have the underlying conditions stated in the information above.
Treatment and Management
Patients with mild or moderate carpal tunnel syndrome may undergo a nerve test called Tinel’s sign and those who test positive to this may do the following supports and treatments:
Search and do some stretch exercises
There is also carpal tunnel surgery in case the nerve and cartilage fragility is serious.
5) De Quervain’s Tendonitis
Also known as De Quervain tenosynovitis or “gamer’s or mommy’s thumb”, this problem is usually caused by an inflamed tendon or irritated tendon.
Moreover, these inflamed and fragile tendons occur at the thumb side of the wrist, and this condition could be causing the following signs and symptoms:
Moreover, it is normal for women to have their tendons injured, especially after giving birth.
Treatment and Management
For patients with De Quervain tendonitis, the following treatments and supports may be considered to improve the problem:
Anti-inflammatory pills and creams
For those who want to bring back their normal hand movements using surgery, De Quervain Release surgery may also be done.
Indeed, thumb discomforts are due to many factors and not just simply because you are overusing them.
Moreover, different sore thumb conditions come with different signs and symptoms.
However, treatments and support would always include the use of support splints and anti-inflammatory medications.
Lastly, most sore thumb conditions can be treated at home but for those who want to recover faster, surgeries can also be done.
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